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Iraq National Anthem النشيد الوطني العراقي
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National Anthem of Iraq
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Mawtini is a popular poem written by the Palestinian poet Ibrahim Touqan (Arabic: إبراهيم طوقان) circa 1934. It was the de facto national anthem of Palestine since then and until 1967. It is also recognized in Syria and Algeria, as well as other Arab states, as an anthem as to show their support for the Palestinian cause.
The original music was composed by Muhammad Fuliefil (Arabic: محمد فليفل). During the years it became very popular through the Arab world.
Iraq ( العراق al-‘Irāq, Kurdish: Êraq ), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: About this sound جمهورية العراق Jumhūriyyat al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: كۆماری عێراق Komar-i ‘Êraq), is a country in Western Asia.
The country borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. The southern part of Iraq is within the Arabian Peninsula.
The capital, Baghdad, is in the center of the country and its largest city.
The largest ethnic groups in Iraq are Arabs and Kurds. Other ethnic groups include Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians, and Kawliya.
Around 95% of the country's 36 million citizens are Shia or Sunni Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism, and Mandeanism also present.